What is a loan-to-value (LTV) ratio?
“the loan-to-value LTV ratio is a financial term used by lenders to express the ratio of a loan to the value of an asset purchased”
The relationship between the amount of money you borrow, and the value of your purchase is also known as your loan-to-value ratio.
A loan-to-value ratio (LTV) describes the loan size you contract against the value of the loan securing property. Lenders and others use the loan-to-value ratio to determine the degree of risk of a loan. A higher LTV ratio suggests a higher risk, since the assets underlying the loan are less likely to repay the loan when the LTV ratio increases. For this reason, the ration is also often used to approve loans or require mortgage loan insurance.
How are ratios calculated?
LTV ratios are calculated using the total exposure divided by the current assessed value of the respective properties. The exposure of transactions that are additionally backed by liquid collaterals is reduced by the respective collateral values, whereas any prior charges increase the corresponding total exposure. The LTV calculation includes exposure which is secured by real estate collaterals. Any mortgage lending exposure that is collateralized exclusively by any other type of collateral is not included in the LTV calculation.
What is your maximum loan-to-value?
Loan-to-value is the ratio of how much you’re borrowing to home much your home is worth. It’s a simple formula but the basis for most mortgage lending. If you can grasp how LTV works, you can better pick the mortgage that suits your needs best.
Loan-to-Value or LTV is the amount of money you’re borrowing as a percentage of your home’s value.
Why your LTV Ratio is important
Loan-to-value is a key factor in your ability to get approved for a mortgage. In general, lenders prefer loans with low LTV because loans with low LTV represent less risk to the bank.
Lenders will evaluate your loan-to-value ratio while they are underwriting your loan. In general, borrowers with lower LTV ratios will qualify for lower mortgage rates than borrowers with higher loan-to-value ratios. Borrowers who have a lower loan-to-value ratio are considered less risky to lenders because they have more equity in their homes. In the eyes of a lender, borrowers with a lower loan-to-value ratio, and thus more equity in their homes, are less likely to default on their mortgage, and even if they did default, the lender would have a better chance of selling the home in foreclosure for at least as much as they are owed for the mortgage.
What Is a Good Loan-to-Value Ratio?
As a potential homebuyer, you may have heard that you have to have a good loan-to-value ratio (LTV) to qualify for a mortgage. Wondering what that means? A loan-to-value ratio is the number you get when you compare a loan amount to the value of the property or home.
How does LTV change?
LTV changes when either the value of the property or the value of the loan changes.
The value of your property will fluctuate due to natural market pressures. If you thought the value of your home increased significantly since your last appraisal, you could have another appraisal done. You could also potentially increase your property’s value through remodels or additions.
LTV Key Points
Here’s a quick recap of the key points you should know about loan to value ratio basics:
- The loan-to-value ratio allows lenders to compare the amount of your mortgage with the appraised value of the property.
- The LTV is important for both purchase transactions (for home buyers) and refinance transactions (for homeowners).
- Loan-to-value is one of the most important factors when it comes to mortgage underwriting and approval. A higher LTV might come with stricter criteria for the borrower, because it brings a higher level of risk.
- When the loan-to-value ratio rises above 80%, mortgage insurance is usually required. PMI for conventional loans can typically be cancelled later on, when the LTV drops to 80% or below. The annual insurance premiums for FHA-backed mortgages are usually paid for the life of the loan.
For more accurate information about LTV, visit https://www.investmentproperty.loans/!