That robots occupy a large number of jobs poses a debate not only economic, but survival as a species.
Soon we will have to decide if we would trust an algorithm to our health or defense systems.
Are you a human being? What distinguishes it from our ancestors, from other species and from new robots? In reality these are the fundamental questions that the world of artificial intelligence has thrown in our face and that, now, it seems that we can not postpone.
In Blade Runneer 2049 it seems that everything is already decided. Or maybe not everything. There is a key element on which metaphysical meditation on the future of the human species swings. In the film by Dennis Villeneuve, the hunting of old replicants by the new generation of replicants takes us to the character of Deckard, played by Harrison Ford . For artificial intelligence, the character of Deckard represents the problem of the Turing test , a classic according to which a good AI system must be capable of posing as human without humans being able to distinguish it. This happens already in many areas, from the bots with which we interact when buying something, to those that create false news whose falsity millions of human beings can not distinguish. But if cheating – from lying to fiction – seems to be a distinctive feature of humanity’s ever-increasing range of AI, Harrison Ford’s character poses both the question of whether he has not only the ability but also the will to deceive, to pass as a human . If so, then yes that would have passed the test and there would be no possibility to distinguish between humans and androids.
Six hundred years before Blade Runneer 2049 , in 1550, Emperor Charles V summoned some of the most illustrious thinkers of the time in the Junta of Valladolid to discuss, decide and advise on whether “the Indians” of America had human nature . In fact, that debate in which the legal argumentation of Francisco de Vitoria prevailed in favor of the humanity of the Americans constitutes the first great Turing test of our modern life, but applied to human beings. Then the capacity for religion was one of the fundamental criteria to reach that solution. On the way to the third decade of the 21st century, it does not seem clear that there is a global consensus on what human beings have in common and many groups insist on emphasizing what differentiates us from each other.